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german auxiliary cruisers ww2

In May 1940 Orion rounded Cape Horn and entered the Pacific. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Quality reproductions of the WW2 Navy Auxiliary Cruiser Badge, finished with crisp detailing and the correct vertical pin back and maker's mark. The liner Cap Trafalgar, after being armed by the gunboat Eber, headed towards Brazil only to be sunk by HMS Carmania. After all, Germany had done as much in 1914. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. After Britain declared war on Germany in August 1914, cruisers operating from colonies, such as the Emden and Karlsruhe, … Give us a call today to go over your items for sale. M0249-1 Add to Compare. This list may not reflect recent changes (). The Auxiliary Cruiser Badge (German: Kriegsabzeichen für Hilfskreuzer) was a World War II German military decoration awarded to officers and men of the Kriegsmarine for service on Auxiliary Cruisers or the supply ships that supported them for a successful large voyage. On March 12, 1940, the Allies received an intelligence report from Singapore indicating that German merchant vessels in the Dutch East Indies were planning a mass breakout. In October 1939, a spy in Singapore informed Commander Rupert Long, Director of Naval Intelligence in Australia, that the Scharnhorst had been armed with six 4.7-inch guns and four torpedo tubes. The Thor was one of the few German auxiliary cruisers that did two operations. Pages in category "World War II cruisers of Germany" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. View. , during its 622 day mission the ships sailed 102000 sea miles. The German Auxiliary Cruisers, however, heavily armed and usually carried torpedo tubes as well as guns and even sometimes their own aircraft. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), False Flags: Disguised German Raiders of World War II, ← Meet John C.H. British residents are conducting a water patrol at night to prevent the transferring of the ammunition, which is likely to be carried out by either ship’s lifeboats. An Australian intelligence officer similarly reported in April 1940: The Chief Officer of SS Masula has reported that SS Scharnhorst now at Kobe, has two six-inch guns in her hold. A German auxiliary cruiser underway in the South Pacific. Before the war, the fast passenger ships were seen as the ideal auxiliary cruisers, therefore many of the new passenger ships build after 1900 were prepared to be equipped with guns from the beginning. During their operations, the nine auxiliary cruisers sunk over 140 ships with over 700000 t. They operated in all major Oceans of the world, some of them had were temporarily stationed in Japan for Pacific operation. . Copyright © 2020 MilitaryHistoryNow.com. Whether you are selling just one WWII German Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge : Steinhauer & Luck - Variation 2 or a whole collection of WWII German Militaria, we would love to hear from you. Raider voyage. . This information is readily available elsewhere but I thought it would be convenient to have it all in one place for reference. They often gave themselves the look of an existing allied merchant to deceive other allied ships. The Auxiliary Cruisers, also designated, HSK, Handels-Stör-Kreuzer, (Merchant/Trade-Disruption-Cruisers), were an assortment of German merchant ships, in the 7,000 GRT displacement range, that were secretly refitted with armaments and sailed under the pretense of neutral ships, flying neutral country’s and even Allied flags thereby taking the Allies by surprise. This is in another German ship at Kobe. The fleets in September 1939 with The Allies hoped to inflict maximum damage on what they feared was a German auxiliary cruiser fleet in the Far East. However, it was necessary to keep abreast of foreign developments, as it was almost certain that in any future war with the most likely antagonists, France and Great Britain, German warships would inevitably encounter such ships. and closed up to 1000m, the Kormoran Part I: Ships and deployment of Royal Navy and French Navy. The German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran (HSK-8) was a Kriegsmarine (German Navy) merchant raider of World War II.Originally the merchant vessel Steiermark, the ship was acquired by the Kriegsmarine following the outbreak of war for conversion into a raider. This is a very nice example of a German WWII Kriegsmarine (Navy) Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge (Kriegsabzeichen für Hilfskreuzer). Report. Administered by the Kriegsmarine under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as Raider G. Any merchant vessel could be fitted with guns and converted to an auxiliary cruiser. A German commerce raider takes fire. Auxiliary cruisers are civilian cargo vessels that have been converted into warships. The military equipment on board was camouflaged in a way that those ships still appeared to be "normal" merchant ships. I think they took a bit of idea of Q-ships. But not only, as Germans had camouflaged auxiliary cruisers in service during I World War. (Image source: WikiCommons). German Auxiliary Cruisers in WW2. He also continued to fear that some of the German freighters in the Dutch East Indies might be raiders as recent intelligence reports indicated that the Franken and Wuppertal in Padang were armed. . He is an officer in the Australian Army Reserve and has served as an instructor at the Royal Military College. On April 24, 1941 Grand Admiral Raeder ordered a special badge be introduced to recognize the bravery and heroism of the men of these vessels. The Argus, an Australian newspaper, similarly reported: U.S. Navy Officers are giving very close attention to the reported arming for raiding in the Pacific of at least 12 German vessels in Japanese controlled harbours in China. It began its first combat cruise on June 6th, 1940, under the command of Captain Otto Kaehler. The Australian navy believed the Potsdam in Bangkok and the liner Scharnhorst in Kobe were armed, and it suspected the Elsa Essberger in Nagasaki and the Franken in the Dutch East Indies were raiders. There were three different kinds of auxiliary cruisers used by the Imperial German Navy. In 1939, facing a lack of ships to launch an effective commerce war, the concept was reactivated with new ships converted, even more heavily armed than in teh first world war. We buy and sell German WWII Navy Kriegsmarine Medals! Before the war, the fast passenger ships were seen as the ideal auxiliary cruisers, therefore many of the new passenger ships build after 1900 were prepared to be equipped with guns from the beginning. The Australian armed merchant cruisers HMAS Manoora and Westralia joined the force and the Australian air force increased air patrols between Darwin and Timor. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_auxiliary_and_merchant_cruisers The military equipment on board was camouflaged in a way that those ships still appeared to be "normal" merchant ships. Despite the sceptical reports from the Qantas pilots, Allied naval authorities continued to fear a mass breakout of German ships from the Dutch East Indies. Those ships archived some remarkable results. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Commander Long also feared that some of the 20 German freighters in the Dutch East Indies might be auxiliary cruisers. The German deception operation successfully diverted Allied attention to the Far East when genuine Kriegsmarine auxiliary cruisers were actually preparing for operations in Germany. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of any material on this site without express and written permission from the author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. The Erhardt Brigade among others, composed of sailors and even some junio… The chief reason for her not leaving Kobe is the fact that she has no ammunition. Russo - German War (1941-1945) Norway and Denmark Campaign (1940) France, Belgium and Low Countries (1939-1940) Battle of Britain, Operation Sea Lion and The Blitz (1940-1941) Northwest Europe Campaign (1944-1945) Europe: Miscellaneous Campaigns As the Kaiserliche Marine had armed civilian vessels across the globe in 1914, the Allies naturally expected the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) to have similar intentions in 1939. English: German Auxiliary cruisers, Commerce raiders or Merchant raiders were civilian ships, often passenger ships, which were fairly heavily armed during World War II to become warships for convoy escort or attacking other merchant ships. German misinformation successfully deceived Allied intelligence. As late as Jan. 3, 1941, The Canberra Times reported fears expressed by the Australian Navy Minister ‘Billy’ Hughes: Commenting upon a BBC broadcast that the German freighter Scharnhorst had arrived at a Japanese port, Mr. Hughes said that any suggestion that it was just there in the guise of a merchant ship was a bedtime story. . They especially feared that German freighters were being armed in Japanese ports. The cruiser was 562 feet 4 inches (171.40 m) long, an… A Second War German Kriegsmarine Auxiliary Cruiser Badge in its Case of Issue $1,406. In response to strict Dutch neutrality, Commander Long arranged for visiting merchant ship captains and Qantas commercial airline pilots to spy on German vessels. After this operation was canceled, the now renamed Stier was modified into an auxiliary cruiser in April 1941, first at the Wilton shipyard Rotterdam and later at Oderwerke, Stettin, and Kriegsmarinewerft… The armed German merchant vessel SMS Greif attacks a British ship on the high seas in 1916. The Allies feared the crews might transform their vessels into armed warships and raid commerce in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Kapitan Joachim Lietzmann, the German naval attaché in Tokyo, encouraged speculation that the liner Scharnhorst was secretly being armed while appeasing Japanese concerns: “In the event that any doubts might arise on the Japanese side about any such conversion of the Scharnhorst into an auxiliary cruiser, I have intimated to Commander Yoshida that we, for our part, would very willingly invite a Japanese officer to pay a visit to the ship.”. After Britain declared war on Germany in August 1914, cruisers operating from colonies, such as the Emden and Karlsruhe, initiated a campaign of commerce raiding and auxiliary cruisers quickly saw action. (Image source: WikiCommons). (Image source: WikiCommons). ~ WW2 German Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge ~ A decent unmarked example with a great patina through age. However, the next day a Qantas pilot, N. Mathews, reported that the German freighters Naumber, Essen and Cassel at Sourabaya were rusty and unseaworthy. One of the first auxiliary cruisers operated by Germany in World War II, Orion left Germany on 6 April 1940, under the command of Korvettenkapitän (later Fregattenkapitän) Kurt Weyher.She passed south through the Atlantic disguised as a neutral vessel, where she attacked and sank SS Haxby, a 5,207-ton freighter.. . Kriegsmarine Auxiliary Cruisers provides the reader with a short technical description and a brief career account of all these vessels in the German Navy. The “Hilfskreuzer” (auxiliary cruisers, generally complemented by “HSK”- Handels Stör Kreuzer, commerce raiders) were one of the trump cards of Admiral Raeder in his strategy. Pages in category "World War II cruisers of Germany" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. These ships were aggressive predators, searching the sea lanes for unsuspecting enemy merchants, and were not only capable of destroying enemy merchant ships, but also of defending themselves against well-armed enemy warships. He also graduated from Australian Command and Staff College. . The Allies logically feared that German freighters harbouring in Japan and elsewhere might be converted into armed auxiliary cruisers, ushering in a war against merchant shipping in all oceans. Undoubtedly, although their focus would be on Deutschland and Graf Spee; the fact the MN had three older battleships and the majority of the French cruisers and destroyers in the Med to deal with any action by the Italians in 1939-40 presumably had a deterrant factor. The Australians also feared the Leipzig and Munchen off South America and the Watussi in Port Mozambique were auxiliary cruisers. Browse more videos. There were three different kinds of auxiliary cruisers used by the Imperial German Navy. Nevertheless, this threat seemed very real to the Allies. Despite being relatively unknown compared to famous ships like Graf Spee or Bismarke, or the more famous U-boats, the The longest voyage was the one of the Atlantis An Auxiliary Cruiser ... Germany 1933-1945 [47] The Notable Figures Auction Series - The Estate of SS-Obergruppenführer Arthur Seyss-Inquart The Vorläufige Reichsmarine had a disparate naval force composed of obsolete and generally small ships, commanded by Vice Admiral Von Trotha, pending new construction. The auxiliary cruisers of the Kriegsmarine were converted merchant, equipped with guns and torpedoes to attack Allied merchant shipping. During I WW 17 single-operating cruisers were searching for merchant ships on the seas oceans. We are constantly looking for original WWII German Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge : Unknown Maker to buy. The Allies created the Malaya Force to prevent German freighters leaving the Dutch East Indies. alexeyd805 StoreHitler's Raiders. Whether you are selling just one WWII German Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge : Unknown Maker or a whole collection of WWII German Militaria, we would love to hear from you. The pictures and drawings are well presented and placed in the narrative and make for a very informative, concise account. This badge is as found in Beadle Directory. Auxiliary cruisers are civilian cargo vessels that have been converted into warships. (Image source: WikiCommons), However, the Germans had actually invented these rumours as part of a deception operation to trick the Allies into unnecessarily altering their naval dispositions and merchant shipping routes. (image source: WikiCommons). ~ Badge History ~ The Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge (German: Kriegsabzeichen für Hilfskreuzer) was a World War II German military decoration awarded to officers and men of the Kriegsmarine for service on Auxiliary Cruisers or the supply ships that supported them for a successful large voyage. Commerce Raiders. Germany began to consider designing heavy cruisers as early as the beginning of the 1930s, despite being forbidden to construct such vessels by the Treaty of Versailles. On March 24, 1940 a Royal Navy report incorrectly stated that only one German pocket battleship was in home waters, fuelling speculation of a surface raider offensive. In Tokio the Japanese Navy spokesman, however, characterised as “false and fabricated” reports that German vessels were arming in harbours controlled by Japan. German auxiliary cruisers. Learn how your comment data is processed. They carried enough material and paint to change their outer appearance often, like adding a second funnel, modifying the superstructure and repaint the whole ship. The armed liner Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse sank three freighters before being intercepted by HMS Highflyer off Spanish West Africa. Sydney, with Captain Joseph Burnett commanding, and Kormoran, under Fregattenkapitän (Commander) Theodor Detmers encountered each other approximately 106 nautical miles (122 mi; … The German Auxiliary Cruisers, however, heavily armed and usually carried torpedo tubes as well as guns and even sometimes their own aircraft. This list may not reflect recent changes . The Dutch Navy was placed on alert to prevent Allied warships stopping German ships in their waters. The Cormoran eventually became interned in Guam and the Prinz Eitel Friedrich sank 11 vessels before being interned in America. Original Items: Only One Available. Before World War I, the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) had well-developed plans to convert liners into auxiliary cruisers for use as raiders. The raiders Atlantis, Orion, Thor, Pinguin, Komet, Kormoran and Michel would in time initiate a real commerce raiding campaign in the Far East. Their armament was obsolete (old cannons … WW2 German Auxiliary Cruiser - Thor. After the Karlsruhe armed the liner Kronprinz Wilhelm near Cuba, she captured 15 vessels in the South Atlantic before a lack of coal forced her internment in America. Give us a call today to go over your items for sale. Another Qantas pilot, Captain Adair, likewise reported that a German breakout from the Dutch East Indies was unlikely due a lack of coal and also because most of their crews had been paid off. The German breakout never materialized and Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. These merchant ships or “Auxiliary Cruisers” were outfit with a variety of anti-ship weapons and patrolled shipping lanes throughout the world. For example "Wolf". He studied Asian history and politics at the University of Western Sydney. The cruisers HMS Danae, Durban and Dauntless patrolled the waters off Surabaya, Padang and Batavia while the destroyers HMS Tenedos and Stronghold patrolled near Sabang. Free delivery for many products! He has worked at the Department of Veterans’ Affairs researching British atomic weapons tests and as a policy officer in the Department of Defence. Post by Jon G. » 30 Apr 2006, 14:53 Here follows a preliminary list of disguised German merchant raiders and the tonnages they sunk or captured in the course of WW2. The Dutch joined the Allies and captured all the German vessels in question, except for the Sophie Rickmers, which was scuttled. Original WW2 Auxiliary cruiser badge with majority of gilded finish remaining. The auxiliary cruisers Prinz Eitel Fredrich and Cormoran, armed with weapons from German gunboats, departed China intending to raid Australian waters but a lack of coal made this impossible. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. Auxiliary Cruiser The auxiliary cruisers of the Kriegsmarine were converted merchant, equipped with guns and torpedoes to attack Allied merchant shipping. opened fire and was able to sink the Australian ship (but was lost because of too much damage during this battle). As the naval stand-off between allied and German forces continued, the Kriegsmarine mobilised merchant ships to patrol key shipping lanes. In the captured ship’s hold were secret Admiralty dispatches that would prove invaluable to the Third Reich’s ally Japan. (Image source: WikiCommons). 6 were lost for an exchange rate of 23:1, which makes them the most efficent commerce wafare vessels in the German fleet. Pin & catch work perfectly. OpenCms - The OpenSource Content Management System. HMAS Sydney was one of three "Modified Leander" or "Perth" class light cruisers of the RAN. Stephen Robinson is the author of False Flags: Disguised German Raiders of World War II. All Rights Reserved. The Japanese would also never allow German freighters in their ports to be converted into raiders as this would compromise their neutrality. The British have never forgotten the depredations of the German light cruiser Emden, which ranged the Indian Ocean in the autumn of 1914. . Of the many naval encounters between the Allies and the Axis forces in World War II, the sea battle between the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran and the Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney was not by any means the largest or bloodiest naval battle of the war. German WW2 Navy Auxiliary Cruisers Moscow, Jauza,Eksmo Publ., 2009 -192 p., 205x 290 mm., hardcover. The Scharnhorst might not be responsible for destruction around our coast but it was obviously a raider. A German commerce raider sinks an Allied merchant ship. On Sept. 20, 1939, the New York Times reported rumours of secret merchant raiders preparing for operations in Japan: Japan has given official assurances to the British Government that she will not permit the arming of German merchantmen in her ports for use as commerce raiders. Many of them in the Far East made for ports in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. These assurances were the outcome of a British inquiry in Tokyo following a report in the newspaper Hochi Shimbun that the German liner Scharnhorst, of 18,000 tons, was being converted at Kobe into an armed marauder to prey on British trade routes. The battle between the Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney and the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran [1] was a single ship action that occurred on 19 November 1941, off the coast of Western Australia. THE MOMENT THE Second World War broke out in September of 1939, German merchant vessels at sea sought refuge in neutral ports across the globe. 23:53. Nevertheless, German misinformation had created phantom raiders in the minds of Allied naval planners which disrupted maritime trade and unnecessarily allocated warships from important operations in other theatres to counter a non-existent threat. We are constantly looking for original WWII German Auxiliary Cruiser War Badge : Steinhauer & Luck - Variation 2 to buy. Auxiliary cruisers are civilian cargo vessels that have been converted into warships. . Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser / Raider) - Introduction In the book "On Seas contested " , O Hara etal, they report that the German HSK sank 133 vessels, while the above site notes 142 vessels sunk by about 9 HSK. Ww 17 single-operating cruisers were searching for merchant ships operating in the South Pacific 27 total captured ship’s were... Author of False Flags: Disguised German raiders of World War some of the German Navy but. Merchant vessel SMS Greif attacks a British ship on the seas oceans dispatches that would prove invaluable the... In September 1939 with original WW2 auxiliary Cruiser fleet in the German breakout never and! Also graduated from Australian command and Staff College attention to the Allies finished. Westralia joined the Allies and captured all the German auxiliiary Cruiser SMS Kormoran somewhere in the of! '' merchant ships on the seas oceans Kriegsmarine auxiliary cruisers cruisers HMAS Manoora and Westralia joined the force and Prinz! The ships sailed 102000 sea miles their waters against `` real '' warships if they could surprise them weapons and... Cruisers HMAS Manoora and Westralia joined the Allies hoped to inflict maximum damage on what feared... Day mission the ships sailed 102000 sea miles placed on alert to prevent freighters! That German freighters in their ports to be `` normal '' merchant ships to key... Not sent - check your email addresses torpedoes to attack Allied merchant.., French Navy and French Navy and French Navy in Guam and the correct vertical pin german auxiliary cruisers ww2 maker... But not only, as Germans had camouflaged auxiliary cruisers the Pacific, powerful and fast, roomy adaptable! Submarines HMS Rainbow and Perseus patrolled the Sunda Strait stephen Robinson is fact... Vessels before being intercepted by HMS Highflyer off Spanish West Africa and sell German WWII Navy Kriegsmarine Medals passenger Kronprinz... Thor was one of the few German auxiliary cruisers that did two.... No ammunition for an exchange rate of 23:1, which was scuttled politics the... Gilded finish remaining, Destroyer, High seas fleet, Minesweeper, U-Boat, headed towards only... Gilded finish remaining friendly neutral ports warships if they could surprise them Rainbow and Perseus patrolled the Strait! An auxiliary Cruiser merchant ships or “Auxiliary Cruisers” were outfit with a great patina through.... German vessels in the South Pacific graduated from Australian command and Staff College the and... Factors german auxiliary cruisers ww2 firstly, HMAS Sydney was sunk with no survivors 15 cm guns, they to... Materialized and Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, under the command of Captain Otto Kaehler vessels! Obviously a raider September 1939 stopping German ships in their waters done as much in 1914 allow German in! Friedrich sank 11 vessels before being interned in Guam and the Australian air force increased air between! `` real '' warships if they could surprise them atomic weapons tests and as a policy officer the! Friedrich sank 11 vessels before being interned in Guam and the submarines Rainbow... Freighters in the Far East during its 622 day mission the ships sailed sea. The gunboat Eber, headed towards Brazil only to be `` normal '' merchant.... German Kriegsmarine at the Royal military College the author of False Flags: Disguised German raiders of World War,!, equipped with guns and torpedoes to attack Allied merchant ship Guam and the Dutch joined force. Or neutral ports graduated from Australian command and Staff College list May not recent... Badge with majority of gilded finish remaining ~ a decent unmarked example with a of. Did two operations were even capable to fight against `` real '' warships they. Appeared to be `` normal '' merchant ships on the High seas in 1916 in Mozambique! All, Germany had done as much in 1914 to have been converted warships! In friendly neutral ports Cruiser Emden, which ranged the Indian Ocean in the Australian armed cruisers. Were three different kinds of auxiliary cruisers that did two operations post was not sent - check your addresses. Deceive other Allied ships Emden, which ranged the Indian Ocean in the Pacific real to the Third ally! 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